Estrildid finch

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Estrildid Finches
Image:Long-tailed-Finch.jpg
Long-tailed Finch
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Estrildidae
Genera

Many:see text

The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They can be classified as the family Estrildidae (weaver-finch) or as a sub-group within the family Passeridae, which also includes the true sparrows.

They are gregarious and often colonial seed-eaters with short thick but pointed bills. They are all similar in structure and habits, but have a wide variation in plumage colours and pattern.

All the estrildids build large domed nests and lay 5-10 white eggs. Many species build roost nests Some of the fire-finches and pytilias are hosts to the brood parasitic indigobirds and whydahs respectively.

Most are sensitive to cold and require a warm, usually tropical, habitat, although a few have become adapted to the cooler climates of southern Australia.

Species list

  • Antpeckers, genus Parmoptila
    • Jameson's Antpecker, Parmoptila rubrifrons
    • Woodhouse's Antpecker, Parmoptila woodhousei
  • Negrofinches, genus Nigrita
    • White-breasted Negrofinch, Nigrita fusconota
    • Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch, Nigrita bicolor
    • Pale-fronted Negrofinch, Nigrita luteifrons
    • Grey-headed Negrofinch, Nigrita canicapilla
  • Olivebacks, genus Nesocharis
    • White-collared Oliveback, Nesocharis ansorgei
    • Fernando Po Oliveback, Nesocharis shelleyi
    • Grey-headed Oliveback, Nesocharis capistrata
  • Pytilias, genus Pytilia
    • Orange-winged Pytilia, Pytilia afra
    • Red-winged Pytilia, Pytilia phoenicoptera
    • Green-winged Pytilia, Pytilia melba
    • Red-faced Pytilia, Pytilia hypogrammica
  • Green-backed Twinspot, Mandingoa nitidula
  • Crimson-wings, genus Cryptospiza
    • Red-faced Crimson-wing, Cryptospiza reichenovii
    • Abyssinian Crimson-wing, Cryptospiza salvadorii
    • Dusky Crimson-wing, Cryptospiza jacksoni
    • Shelley's Crimson-wing, Cryptospiza shelleyi
  • Seedcrackers, genus Pyrenestes
    • Crimson Seedcracker, Pyrenestes sanguineus
    • Black-bellied Seedcracker, Pyrenestes ostrinus
    • Lesser Seedcracker, Pyrenestes minor
  • Bluebills, genus Spermophaga
    • Grant's Bluebill, Spermophaga poliogenys
    • Western Bluebill, Spermophaga haematina
    • Red-headed Bluebill, Spermophaga ruficapilla
  • Twinspots, genera Clytospiza, Hypargos, Euschistospiza
    • Brown Twinspot, Clytospiza monteiri
    • Peters' Twinspot, Hypargos niveoguttatus
    • Pink-throated Twinspot, Hypargos margaritatus
    • Dybowski's Twinspot, Euschistospiza dybowskii
    • Dusky Twinspot, Euschistospiza cinereovinacea
  • Firefinches, genus Lagonosticta
    • Bar-breasted Firefinch, Lagonosticta rufopicta
    • Brown Firefinch, Lagonosticta nitidula
    • Red-billed Firefinch, Lagonosticta senegala
    • Black-bellied Firefinch, Lagonosticta rara
    • African Firefinch, Lagonosticta rubricata
    • Pale-billed Firefinch, Lagonosticta landanae
    • Jameson's Firefinch, Lagonosticta rhodopareia
    • Mali Firefinch, Lagonosticta virata
    • Rock Firefinch, Lagonosticta sanguinodorsalis
    • Black-faced Firefinch, Lagonosticta larvata
    • Reichenow's Firefinch, Lagonosticta umbrinodorsalis
  • Cordon-bleus, genus Uraeginthus
    • Blue-breasted Cordon-bleu, Uraeginthus angolensis
    • Red-cheeked Cordon-bleu, Uraeginthus bengalus
    • Blue-capped Cordon-bleu, Uraeginthus cyanocephalus
    • Purple Grenadier, Uraeginthus ianthinogaster
    • Violet-eared Waxbill, Uraeginthus granatina
  • Waxbills, genus Estrilda
    • Lavender Waxbill, Estrilda caerulescens
    • Black-tailed Waxbill, Estrilda perreini
    • Cinderella Waxbill, Estrilda thomensis
    • Yellow-bellied Waxbill, Estrilda quartinia
    • Swee Waxbill, Estrilda melanotis
    • Fawn-breasted Waxbill, Estrilda paludicola
    • Anambra Waxbill, Estrilda poliopareia
    • Orange-cheeked Waxbill, Estrilda melpoda
    • Arabian Waxbill, Estrilda rufibarba
    • Crimson-rumped Waxbill, Estrilda rhodopyga
    • Black-rumped Waxbill, Estrilda troglodytes
    • Common Waxbill, Estrilda astrild
    • Black-faced Waxbill, Estrilda nigriloris
    • Black-crowned Waxbill, Estrilda nonnula
    • Black-headed Waxbill, Estrilda atricapilla
    • Black-cheeked Waxbill, Estrilda erythronotos
    • Red-rumped Waxbill, Estrilda charmosyna
  • Avadavats, genus Amandava
    • Red Avadavat, Amandava amandava
    • Green Avadavat, Amandava formosa
    • Zebra Waxbill, Amandava subflava
  • Quailfinches, genus Ortygospiza
    • Red-billed Quailfinch, Ortygospiza gabonensis
    • African Quailfinch, Ortygospiza atricollis
    • Locustfinch, Ortygospiza locustella
  • Firetails, genera Emblema, Stagonopleura, Oreostruthus, Neochmia
    • Painted Firetail, Emblema pictum
    • Beautiful Firetail, Stagonopleura bella
    • Red-eared Firetail, Stagonopleura oculata
    • Diamond Firetail, Stagonopleura guttata
    • Mountain Firetail, Oreostruthus fuliginosus
    • Red-browed Firetail, Neochmia temporalis
    • Crimson Finch, Neochmia phaeton
    • Star Finch, Neochmia ruficauda
    • Plum-headed Finch, Neochmia modesta
  • Zebra finches, genera Taeniopygia, Poephila
  • Parrotfinches, genus Erythrura
    • Tawny-breasted Parrotfinch, Erythrura hyperythra
    • Pin-tailed Parrotfinch, Erythrura prasina
    • Green-faced Parrotfinch, Erythrura viridifacies
    • Tricolored Parrotfinch, Erythrura tricolor
    • Blue-faced Parrotfinch, Erythrura trichroa
    • Red-eared Parrotfinch, Erythrura coloria
    • Papuan Parrotfinch, Erythrura papuana
    • Red-throated Parrotfinch, Erythrura psittacea
    • Fiji Parrotfinch, Erythrura pealii
    • Red-headed Parrotfinch, Erythrura cyaneovirens
    • Royal Parrotfinch, Erythrura regia
    • Pink-billed Parrotfinch, Erythrura kleinschmidti
  • Gouldian Finch, Chloebia gouldiae
  • Munias and Silverbills, genus Lonchura
    • Madagascar Munia, Lonchura nana
    • African Silverbill, Lonchura cantans
    • Indian Silverbill, Lonchura malabarica
    • Grey-headed Silverbill, Lonchura griseicapilla
    • Bronze Mannikin, Lonchura cucullata
    • Black-and-white Mannikin, Lonchura bicolor
    • Brown-backed Mannikin, Lonchura nigriceps
    • Magpie Mannikin, Lonchura fringilloides
    • White-rumped Munia, Lonchura striata
    • Javan Munia, Lonchura leucogastroides
    • Dusky Munia, Lonchura fuscans
    • Black-faced Munia, Lonchura molucca
    • Black-throated Munia, Lonchura kelaarti
    • Scaly-breasted Munia, Lonchura punctulata
    • White-bellied Munia, Lonchura leucogastra
    • Streak-headed Munia, Lonchura tristissima
    • Black-headed Munia, Lonchura malacca
    • Chestnut Munia, Lonchura atricapilla
    • White-capped Munia, Lonchura ferruginosa
    • Cream-bellied Munia, Lonchura pallidiventer
    • Five-colored Munia, Lonchura quinticolor
    • White-headed Munia, Lonchura maja
    • Pale-headed Munia, Lonchura pallida
    • Grand Munia, Lonchura grandis
    • Grey-banded Munia, Lonchura vana
    • Grey-crowned Munia, Lonchura nevermanni
    • Hooded Munia, Lonchura spectabilis
    • Grey-headed Munia, Lonchura caniceps
    • Mottled Munia, Lonchura hunsteini
    • New Ireland Munia, Lonchura forbesi
    • New Hanover Munia, Lonchura nigerrima
    • Yellow-rumped Munia, Lonchura flaviprymna
    • Chestnut-breasted Munia, Lonchura castaneothorax
    • Black Munia, Lonchura stygia
    • Black-breasted Munia, Lonchura teerinki
    • Snow Mountain Munia, Lonchura montana
    • Alpine Munia, Lonchura monticola
    • Bismarck Munia, Lonchura melaena
  • Pictorella Munia, Heteromunia pectoralis
  • Java Sparrows, genus Padda
  • Cut-throats, genus Amadina
    • Cut-throat, Amadina fasciata
    • Red-headed Finch Amadina erythrocephalade:Prachtfinken

fr:Estrildidae

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