Arbor Day

From Academic Kids

Arbor Day is an American holiday that encourages the planting and care of trees. It was founded by J. Sterling Morton of Nebraska City, Nebraska in 1872. When he and his wife moved from Detroit, Michigan, into the treeless prairie of Nebraska Territory in 1854, they missed the shade of trees.

Morton was a journalist who founded Nebraska's many newspapers. On January 4, 1872, he first proposed a tree-planting holiday to be called "Arbor Day" at a meeting of the State Board of Agriculture. The date was set for April 10, 1872. Prizes were offered to counties and individuals for planting properly the largest number of trees on that day. It was estimated that more than one million trees were planted in Nebraska on the first Arbor Day.

Arbor Lodge, Morton's home in Nebraska City, together with an arboretum and extensive landscaped grounds, is a state historical park and is open to the public. His adjacent farm is now "Arbor Day Farm", run for the benefit of the National Arbor Day Foundation. National Arbor Day is celebrated on the last Friday in April of each year. Additionally, many states hold their own Arbor Day celebrations, and similar holidays exist worldwide, some going by the very same name, as in New Zealand, Canada, and Australia.

Currently, the world's largest Arbor Day celebration is held in the town of Euless, Texas, a suburb of the Dallas/Fort Worth metropolitan area. Annual attendance exceeds 1 million people and is often attended by celebrities such as Simon and Garfunkel. Accordingly, Euless is also known as "Tree Capital City, USA."

Arbor Day is also celebrated in some places in the United Kingdom, including the village of Aston on Clun. The day is celebrated on the same day as Oak Apple Day, which was once a public holiday in the United Kingdom.

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"Each generation takes the Earth as trustees. We ought to bequeath to posterity as many forests and orchards as we have exhausted and consumed."
-J. Sterling Morton, 1887.ar:يوم الشجرة
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